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The 1855 New York state census was the first to list every inhabitant's name, rather than simply that of the head of the household. Besides this information, just as in the federal census taken five years earlier, also listed is the gender, race, age, state or country of birth, value of real estate, occupation, plus information about literacy and citizenship. In addition, if the individual's birthplace was in New York, the county is listed; and a column was added for the number of years the person had lived at his present location.

In 1851 the county's ninth and final town was added, this being Torrey, which drew about equal areas from Benton and Milo. The census is organized by town, and because of its huge size (the county's population then as now was a few more than 20,000 persons) it was thought best to divide this index, which lists every name, by town as well. The chart below indicates which towns are on line at this point; click on the name and it will link you to the index for that town. Town boundaries in 1855 were the same as they are now, and a map is available on line.

Each index is set up exactly alike; the name of each individual named is followed by the dwelling number where that person may be found. This is the number in the far left-hand column of the enumeration itself. If several persons are listed with the same dwelling number, it means they live in the same house. The county has a copy of this census, from which this index was made. Since this is a state census, the National Archives does not have a copy, or microfilm, of this enumeration. The State Archives had a copy before it was destroyed in the fire of 1911; thus the original in the County's possession is the only one that survives. It has been microfilmed.
Barrington Jerusalem Potter
Benton Middlesex Starkey
Italy Milo Torrey

As with other censuses whose indexes are on line, the County Historian will photocopy pages from the original upon request. The request must contain your name and postal address, and the citation exactly as it appears in the index. Make sure you include the census year and town. Please put the phrase "County Historian census request" in the subject line. You will be billed $1 for each page copied.

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