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The 1865 state census continued to list every inhabitant's name. Besides this information, also listed is the gender, race, age, state or country of birth, type and value of dwelling, occupation, and information about literacy and citizenship. Like the 1855 census, this one also lists the county of birth if it is within New York. Information about the number of times each individual was married, and how many children they had, is also listed. However, the unique value of this census lies in the information it contains about men who served in the Civil War. In theory at least, every man still a New York resident in 1865 was asked for information about his service. A chart at the end of every four pages sets out the regiment, term of enlistment, time actually served, rank achieved and personal remarks about the thousands of veterans. At the end of each election district, along with marriages and civilian deaths that occurred during the previous year, is another chart showing statistics about all the men who died in the service, giving their ages, place and cause of death, and place of burial. Detailed agricultural and industrial information is also included in this census, enumerating every farm and its produce as well as every manufacturing enterprise and its products.

The census, like all others taken in New York, is organized by town, and because of its huge size (the county's population peaked at a few more than 20,000 persons in the 1860s, and did not reach that level again for more than a century, in the 1970s) it was thought best to divide this index, which lists every name, by town as well. The chart below indicates which towns are on line at this point; click on the name and it will link you to the index for that town. Town boundaries in 1865 were the same as they are now, and a map is available on line.

Each index is set up exactly alike; the name of each individual named is followed by the dwelling number where that person may be found. This is the number in the far left-hand column of the enumeration itself. If several persons are listed with the same dwelling number, it means they live in the same house. The names in bold print are those for whom further information about Civil War military service is available. The only extant copy of this census is in the custody of the Yates County Clerk and is available for public use in the County Archive. The index was made from this copy.
Barrington Jerusalem Potter
Benton Middlesex Starkey
Italy Milo Torrey

As with other censuses whose indexes are on line, the County Historian will photocopy pages from the original upon request. The request must contain your name and postal address, and the citation exactly as it appears in the index. Make sure you include the census year and town. Please put the phrase "County Historian census request" in the subject line. You will be billed $1 for each page copied.

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